EAIA’s 2018 Annual Meeting – Save the Dates!

Steam Engine at the National Museum of Industrial History

The 2018 EAIA Annual Meeting Will Be Wednesday, May 23rd thru Saturday, May 26th, 2018 – Save the Dates! Come and join us at the Early American Industries Association’s 85th Anniversary in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania and we’ll celebrate in style as we experience the industrial and cultural history of Pennsylvania’s Lehigh Valley and the equally fascinating […]

#120 Model Shop Prototype Block Plane; From Evolution to Production

Stanley #120 Prototype and Stanley #120 Type 1 Title Image

It’s late in the year 1875, and Justus Traut and the men in his shop at Stanley Rule & Level Company are still diligently working on a cutter adjustment mechanism for the Stanley #110 block plane. Traut and Henry Richards, one of the “mechanics” working in Traut’s  shop, produced the block plane prototype shown in […]

Copy Cat Blocks and One From the Model Shop

Bailey Victor Block Plane, Holly Block Plane, Traut #110 Block Plane 980x550

On July 6, 1852, Birdsill Holly was granted Patent No. 9,094 for a cast iron bench plane.  In addition to his cast iron bench planes he produced and sold two models of a cast iron block plane.  There are no individual patents for these block planes and they were manufactured for only about 8 years […]

“What Goes Around Comes Around”

Model Shop Aluminum Block Planes

Aluminum Block Planes from the Stanley Model Shop In the first couple of decades of the 20th century, aluminum became available to manufacturers at a reasonable cost. Although aluminum comprises 8.2% of the earth’s crust, making it the most abundant metal in nature, it never occurs in its free form.  In 1825, Hans Christian Oersted, […]

The New Rules for Ivory Containing Tools-Revisited

Ivory sector, English, 2nd half of the 19th century

On October 21st, 2014, I posted a blog on this website about the United States Fish and Wildlife Service’s Order 210 regarding the importation, exportation and sale of ivory in the U. S. (You can read the earlier post here.). This order applied to revisions to the Endangered Species Act Special Rule for the African […]

2016 EAIA Annual Meeting Recap

EAIA President Pat Lasswell (standing) and EAIA Executive Director John Verrill Dressed as Shakers at the 2016 EAIA Annual Meeting at Pleasant Hill Shaker Village

  FUN, FRIENDS,  AND LEARNING AT PLEASANT HILL SHAKER VILLAGE!  The 2016 Early American Industries Association Annual Meeting was held at Pleasant Hill Shaker Village near Harrodsburg, Kentucky.  150 EAIA members registered for the meeting and despite some rain, everyone had a good time, including EAIA President Pat Lasswell and EAIA Executive Director John Verrill […]

More Rosewood Buttons on Lever Caps

Rosewood Buttons on Two Block Planes From the Stanley Model Shop

In my last blog post I talked about two Stanley block planes with rosewood buttons on their knuckle joint lever caps.  In this post I’m going to discuss two more block planes from the Stanley Model Shop that are variations on that theme.  And these two planes appear to have been made at least a […]

Spring at Pleasant Hill Shaker Village! Come Join Us!

Brethren's Bath House at Pleasant Hill Shaker Village

EAIA’s  2016 Annual Meeting at Pleasant Hill Shaker Village on May 18th thru may 21st, 2016 promises to be a meeting filled with Shaker culture, architecture, crafts, and history.  If you haven’t signed up yet, there’s still time to join us at this beautiful venue just a short distance from Lexington, Kentucky in the heart […]

Pleasant Hill Shaker Village Awaits!

Shaker Architecture at Pleasant Hill

“Begin today! No matter how feeble the light, let it shine as best it may.  The world may need just that quality of light which you have.” — Elder Henry C. Blinn Canterbury, New Hampshire Shaker Community The new year has arrived and it won’t be long before you receive your registration brochure in the […]

Rosewood Buttons on Lever Caps

Two No. 18 Block Planes with Knuckle-Joint Lever Caps from the Stanley model Shop

By the 1890’s, Stanley Rule & Level Company had become an industrial juggernaut.  They proudly boasted in their pocket catalogs that they had sold 1.2million Bailey planes.  Their 1895 pocket catalog boasted sales of 2.2 million Bailey planes.  “The Rule & Level became by 1900 the largest maker of planes and related tools in the […]