Panic, Patents, and Liberty Bell Planes

Model Shop #104 Liberty Bell Smooth Plane

This post is a bit longer than those I’ve written in the past, but I hope you’ll enjoy the story that’s in here about another interesting plane from the Stanley Model Shop. 1873 to 1879 were tough years for the Stanley Rule & Level Company as well as the rest of the U.S. economy.  The […]

#120 Model Shop Prototype Block Plane; From Evolution to Production

Stanley #120 Prototype and Stanley #120 Type 1 Title Image

It’s late in the year 1875, and Justus Traut and the men in his shop at Stanley Rule & Level Company are still diligently working on a cutter adjustment mechanism for the Stanley #110 block plane. Traut and Henry Richards, one of the “mechanics” working in Traut’s  shop, produced the block plane prototype shown in […]

Justus Traut’s Early Adjustable #110 Block Planes

Model Shop #110 Adjustable Block Plane Attributed to Justus Traut

As I told you in my last post, Stanley Rule & Level Company introduced the #110 non-adjustable block plane sometime in 1874.  The plane was derived from Justus Traut’s patent No. 159,865 granted on February 16, 1875.  Traut had sent in his patent application on November 13, 1874 at about the time Stanley started advertising […]

Copy Cat Blocks and One From the Model Shop

Bailey Victor Block Plane, Holly Block Plane, Traut #110 Block Plane 980x550

On July 6, 1852, Birdsill Holly was granted Patent No. 9,094 for a cast iron bench plane.  In addition to his cast iron bench planes he produced and sold two models of a cast iron block plane.  There are no individual patents for these block planes and they were manufactured for only about 8 years […]

Brown’s 49th International Antique Tool Auction

Israel White Three Arm Plow Plane

October 29th, 2016, Radisson Hotel, Camp Hill, PA By: John G Wells Prices realized in this article include a 13% buyer’s premium. A 3% discount is available for cash or a good check. Prices enclosed in square brackets are pre-auction estimates taken from the Brown auction catalog No. 49. The condition of all items was […]

“What Goes Around Comes Around”

Model Shop Aluminum Block Planes

Aluminum Block Planes from the Stanley Model Shop In the first couple of decades of the 20th century, aluminum became available to manufacturers at a reasonable cost. Although aluminum comprises 8.2% of the earth’s crust, making it the most abundant metal in nature, it never occurs in its free form.  In 1825, Hans Christian Oersted, […]

More Rosewood Buttons on Lever Caps

Rosewood Buttons on Two Block Planes From the Stanley Model Shop

In my last blog post I talked about two Stanley block planes with rosewood buttons on their knuckle joint lever caps.  In this post I’m going to discuss two more block planes from the Stanley Model Shop that are variations on that theme.  And these two planes appear to have been made at least a […]

The Brown 48th International Antique Tool Auction, by John G. Wells

Reproduction Thomas Falconer Coachmaker's Plow Plane

The 48th Brown Tool Auction was held at the Abraham Lincoln Hotel in Reading, Pennsylvania on April 2, 2016.  Prices realized in this article include a 13% buyer’s premium.  A 3% discount was available for cash or a good check.  The condition of the items was taken from the auction catalog and does not reflect […]

The Brown 47th International Antique Tool Auction by John G. Wells

Lee's Patent Chamfer Plane

By John G. Wells Brown 47th International Antique Tool Auction was held October 30-31st 2015, at Camp Hill, PA Prices realized in this article include a 13% buyer’s premium.  A 3% discount was available for cash or a good check.  The condition of all items was taken from the auction catalog and does not reflect […]

Rosewood Buttons on Lever Caps

Two No. 18 Block Planes with Knuckle-Joint Lever Caps from the Stanley model Shop

By the 1890’s, Stanley Rule & Level Company had become an industrial juggernaut.  They proudly boasted in their pocket catalogs that they had sold 1.2million Bailey planes.  Their 1895 pocket catalog boasted sales of 2.2 million Bailey planes.  “The Rule & Level became by 1900 the largest maker of planes and related tools in the […]