18th C. House Wrights, Jointers & Carpenters

1771 Benjamin Davis, Newburyport, Joyner.

18th Century Records of House Wrights, Jointers and Carpenters

Essex County Massachusetts, Part II

This is the second part of Essex County documents and deeds relating to Early American woodworking trades and craftsmen. This installment was supposed to cover documents dating from 1770 through the end of the century, but a few earlier examples found their way into the group.

 

Most of these documents, as with the two previous articles, are deeds which record the sale of land. They are important because the craftsmen’s trade is given thus providing a link to a given person at a given time and place. But, two of the documents are different. They are bills or agreements which deal with the actual trades themselves. One, a 1790 document involving Benjamin Poor, joiner, outlines his agreement to repair a old barn. Both his responsibilities and those of the barn owner are delineated. The second piece, a 1763 bill from Henry Noyes, records his making windar frames and squears of sash. These two documents are quite rare. They provide great details into the day to day transactions of a “typical” craftsman.

 

Notes:
Original spellings are retained if possible.
If the spelling or interpretation of a name is questioned, that entry is so noted by the use of ( … )’s.

Document List

Year Name Occupation Town County State
1677 Thomas Fflint, not signed houss carpenter Salem Essex MA
1735 John Browne, signed turner Ipswich Essex MA
1738 John Dennis, signed joyner Ipswich Essex MA
1763 Henry Noyes, signed (jointer) Newbury Essex MA
1771 Benjamin Davis, not signed joyner Newburyport Essex MA
1783 Elijah Cummings, not signed joiner Topsfield Essex MA
1790 Benjamin Poor, not signed joiner Rowley Essex MA
1791 Enoch Sandbourne, not signed cabinet maker Newbury Port Essex MA
1796 Nehemiah Adams, not signed cabinet maker Salem Essex MA
1797 Nehemiah Adams, not signed cabinet maker Salem Essex MA
1798 Samuel Brown, not signed and houseright Newbury Essex MA
1798 Richard Hood, signed houseright Wenham Essex MA

 

1677 Thomas Fflint, Salem, houss carpenter.Deed for 28 ½ acres of land in Salem, Essex County, sold by Lott Killum, husbandman, and his wife Hanna. Signed by John Black, Lot Killum, Hanna Killum, her mark, Hillian Veren. Also mentioned: Elizabeth Smith, Isaac Goodell. Several names are too questionable to include in the listing.

1677 Thomas Fflint of Salem, House Carpenter

1677 Thomas Fflint of Salem, House Carpenter

 

1735 John Browne, Ipswich, Turner. John and his wife Mary sold a certain Whol: Narragansett Right situate in Township Number One to Daniel Hale. The land was inherited from John’s honored uncle, Benjamin Newman, a soldier at Naragansett. Signed by John and Mary, her mark, with seals. Also signed by Thomas Berry, Samuel Waite, Jer. Moulton.

1735 John Browne, Ipswich, Turner

1735 John Browne, Ipswich, Turner

 

1738 John Dennis, Ipswich, joyner. John sold land in Ipswich to Silvanus Lakeman of Ipswich. Signed and sealed deed. Document signed by Francis Dennis, Samuel Goodridge, John Dennis, Sarah Dennis and Jonathan Wade. Also mentioned: Samuel Wenwright, Jacob Coldwell, John Newmarck.

1738 John Dennis, Ipswich, Joyner. Deed.

1738 John Dennis, Ipswich, Joyner.

 

1763 Henry Noyes, Newbury, bill to Moses Stickney. Itemized bill for a total of six windar frames, 48 plus 16 squears sashes and a total of four days work at four shillings per day.

1763 Henry Noyes, Newbury. Bill for window frames and sash.

1763 Henry Noyes, Newbury. Bill for window frames and sash.

 

1771 Benjamin Davis, Newburyport, joyner. Samuel Davis, brass founder of Exeter, NH, sold 12 acres in Newbury to Benjamin Davis. The land had been owned by Samuel’s uncle Samuel Davis, weaver, in Newbury, deceased. The document is signed by Samuel Davis, Lemuel (Davis), Daniel Farnham. Also mentioned: Col. Jonathan Bagly, widow Mary Moulton and Benjamin Davis.

1771 Benjamin Davis, Newburyport, Jointer.

1771 Benjamin Davis, Newburyport, Jointer.

 

1783 Elijah Cummings, Topsfield, joiner. Jonathan Cummings, Topsfield, cordwainer, sold two and one half acres of woodland to Elijah Cummings. Signed, sealed and delivered … ”in the seventh year of the Independence of the United States of America”. Signed by Joseph Cummings, jr., (Pelatiah) Cummings, Jonathan Cummings. Also mentioned: Jonathan Dodge of Beverly, Jonathan Dodge of Ipswich, George Dodge, Jonathan Cummings.

1783 Elijah Cummings, Topsfield, Jointer.

1783 Elijah Cummings, Topsfield, Jointer.

 

1790 Benjamin Poor, Rowley, joiner. Benjamin Poor’s agreement with Stephen Longfellow of Rowley, yeoman. Benjamin to provide the labor to sill Stephen’s old barn which was his father’s, to hu (hew) timber for a ten foot end to said barn and to frame it. Longfellow is to raise it, board it and shingle it. Longfellow is to find the timber, the boards, the shingles and the nails. Signed and sealed in … 1790 … the “Fourteenth year of American independence”. The document is sealed but not signed.

1790 Benjamin Poor, Rowley, joiner.

1790 Benjamin Poor, Rowley, joiner.

 

1791 Enoch Sandbourne, Newbury Port, cabinet maker. Enoch purchased land containing 24 rods in Newbury Port from John Goodwin, mariner. Signed by Theop Parsons JP, John Bunill, John Goodwin and Sarah Goodwin, her mark. Signed on reverse by John Pickering, Reg. Also mentioned: Joseph Somersby, cordwainer, Abigail Somerby, Thomas Frothingham.

1791 Enoch Sandbourne, Newbury Port, cabinet maker.

1791 Enoch Sandbourne, Newbury Port, cabinet maker.

 

1796 Nehemiah Adams, Salem, cabinet maker. Nehemiah purchased land in Salem containing 46 ½ poles from Henry Williams of Salem, mariner. Signed by Thomas Barnes, Benjamin Adams, Henry Williams, Abigail Williams and Richard Manning, JP. Signed on reverse by John Pickering, Reg. Also mentioned: Jon Harranden, B Putnam, Joshua Dodge, Harranden Rope Walk. Price was $511 ½ dollars ….no longer in pounds.

1796 Nehemiah Adams, Salem, cabinet maker.

1796 Nehemiah Adams, Salem, cabinet maker.

 

1797 Nehemiah Adams, Salem, cabinet maker. Nehemiah purchased land in Salem containing one and 1/14th pole from Henry Williams of Salem, mariner. Signed by Enoch Knight, Thomas Lamson, Henry Williams, Abigail Williams and Richard Manning, JP. Signed on reverse by John Pickering, Reg. Also mentioned: Simon Forrester, James Dalrymple.

1797 Nehemiah Adams, Salem, cabinet maker.

1797 Nehemiah Adams, Salem, cabinet maker.

1798 Samuel Brown, Newbury, County of Essex, housright and Richard Hood, Wenham, County of Essex, housewright. Heirs of Lydia Goodridge sell three acres of meadowland in Beverly to Jonathan Moulton of Wenham, yeoman. Multiple pages, multiple heirs with multiple signature and seals. The document is signed by Richard Hood but not signed by Samuel Brown.

Heirs in Wenham: Caleb Kimball, yeoman and wife Huldah. Richard Hood, housright and wife Lydia. Eunice Porter, spinster. Rebecca Mouton, weaver.
Heirs in Danvers: Israel Hutchenson, esq. Samuel Fairfield, gentleman and wife Anna. Andrew Fuller, trader and wife Elizabeth.
Heirs in Beverly: Mehetable Babson, weaver. William Feilder, cooper and wife Mary. George Raymond 2nd., mariner. Thomas Raymond, bricklayer. Samuel Goodridge, gentleman.
Heirs in Stirling: John Brown, tailer and wife Ginger.
Heirs in Newbury: Samuel Brown, housright.
Heirs in Boston: Anna Connant, trader.
Heirs in Cox Hall: Samuel Raymond and wife Susanna.

Witnessed and signed by David Fornis, Joseph Wood, James Kimball, Nath’l Webb, Amos Putnam.
Signed and sealed by Samuel Goudridge, Mehetable Babson, Caleb Kimball, Huldah Kimball, Eunice Porter her mark, Rebeca Moulton, Richard Hood, Lydiah Hood, Sam’l Fairfield, Anna Fairfield, Andrew Fuller and Betsy Fuller.
Also mentioned: William Batchelder, Mehitable Babson, Bartholomew Trask, Israel Thorndike.

1798 Samuel Brown, Newbury, County of Essex, house wright and Richard Hood, Wenham, County of Essex, house wright.

1798 Samuel Brown, Newbury, County of Essex, house wright and Richard Hood, Wenham, County of Essex, house wright. Page 1.

 

1798 Samuel Brown, Newbury, County of Essex, house wright and Richard Hood, Wenham, County of Essex, house wright.

1798 Samuel Brown, Newbury, County of Essex, house wright and Richard Hood, Wenham, County of Essex, house wright. Page 2.

 

1798 Samuel Brown, Newbury, County of Essex, house wright and Richard Hood, Wenham, County of Essex, house wright.

1798 Samuel Brown, Newbury, County of Essex, house wright and Richard Hood, Wenham, County of Essex, house wright. Page 3.

 

One Comment on “18th C. House Wrights, Jointers & Carpenters

  1. Being brand new to this group I have a lot of catching up to do but have a few names and comments to add to the joiners and housewrights of Essex County.

    One of the most notable joiners from Ipswich was Thomas Dennis famous for his chests but at a very early date. Perhaps John Dennis was his son.
    Next door to the Dennis family of joiners in the same neighborhood was Abraham Knowlton who is famous for the beautiful pulpit he made for the church. The pulpit survived two disastrous fires and is still intact but stored, I believe. I have never seen it.

    In Gloucester in the last quarter of the 18th century was housewright, Jonathan Ober, born in Beverly, lived in Ipswich and came to Gloucester in the 18th century. His work was very fine. Peggy Flavin and I were in the attic of a house attributed to Ober and the roof rafters were very smooth and the edges dressed off with a small chamfer. Great workmanship. When he died in the 19th century his inventory listed “books on architecture” probably English pattern books. I suspect he may have built Judith Sargent’s house now the Sargent House Museum but that is my own conclusion and not the general opinion.

    Also from Ipswich was Jacob Smith who came to Gloucester in the last decade of the 18th century. I think he came to work with the much older Johathan Ober. They lived in the same neighborhood and one sold land to the other. Jacob was the Bulfinch of Gloucester in the 19th century borrowing Federal details from Asher Benjamin but with some distinctive trademarks of his own.

    Jacob Smith had a brother, John Smith, also a housewright to whom at least one Federal period house in Rockport can be attributed although his home was in Gloucester.

    I don’t have the dates or documents at my fingertips but they , like the others, are available online.

    Cape Ann housewrights are of interest to me and I saw that you didn’t have any on the list so wanted to jump in.

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